The Baltic States from the Soviet Union to the European Union (BASEES/Routl…



The Baltic States are unique in being the only member-states of the EU to have fought to regain their sovereignty from the Soviet Union, only then to cede it to Brussels in certain key areas. Similarly, no member-states have had to struggle as hard as Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania to preserve their identity after fifty years of Soviet nationality policy in the face of sub-state and supra-state challenges. The post-communist experience of the Baltic States thus allows us to examine debates…




The Pension Puzzle

Pub Date : 2003-08-07 | Author : International Monetary Fund | Publisher : International Monetary Fund

ISBN 10 : 1451937865
ISBN 13 : 9781451937862

Looks at the policy choices involved in creating pension schemes, particularly whether it is advisable to move away from government pay-as-you-go pensions toward private or publicl..


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